Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

Human life depends on the earth as much as the ocean for our sustenance and livelihoods. Plant life provides 80 percent of the human diet, and we rely on agriculture as an important economic resources. Forests cover 30 percent of the Earth’s surface, provide vital habitats for millions of species, and important sources for clean air and water, as well as being crucial for combating climate change.

Every year, 13 million hectares of forests are lost, while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares, disproportionately affecting poor communities.

While 15 percent of land is protected, biodiversity is still at risk. Nearly 7,000 species of animals and plants have been illegally traded. Wildlife trafficking not only erodes biodiversity, but creates insecurity, fuels conflict, and feeds corruption.

Urgent action must be taken to reduce the loss of natural habitats and biodiversity which are part of our common heritage and support global food and water security, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and peace and security.

Forests are home to more than 80 percent of all terrestrial species of animals, plants and insects and around 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods. ​

Every year, over 10 million hectares of forests are lost or otherwise destroyed.

Acoustic sensors can be used in protected forests to detect chainsaws and trucks to curb illegal logging while sensors that detect smoke and cameras that recognize flames can provide early warning of a forest fire.​

Nearly 7,000 species of animals and plants have been illegally traded and over 31,000 species are threatened with extinction.​

Wildlife population monitoring via stationary cameras and drones can detect a decline in population from issues related to climate, deforestation, and poaching. ​